Folketinget netop har vedtaget et lovforslag, der betyder, at ansøgningsfristen for ansøgninger om tilsagn om pristillæg og fornyet tilsagn om tilskud på biogasområdet udskydes fra 1. maj 2020 til 1. juli 2020.
For yderligere oplysninger kontakt Energistyrelsen, som varetager anøsgninger.
Global potential of biogas
According to the World Biogas Association’s report, there are currently about 50 million micro-digesters, 132,000 small, medium and large- scale digesters and 700 upgrading plants operating globally. Based on the current estimate of 87 TWh electricity generation, the substrates used are tapping into merely 1.6-2.2% of the potential of AD. The growth potential of the biogas industry is therefore extraordinary and involves every country. The potential to generate energy from currently available and sustainably grown/recovered major feedstocks in the world is 10,100 to 14,000 TWh. This energy can meet close to 6-9% of the world’s primary energy consumption or 23-32% of the world’s coal consumption155. When used as electricity, it has the potential to meet 16-22 % of the electricity consumed in the world. If the energy is utilised as biomethane, it can substitute 993 to 1,380 bcm of natural gas, equivalent to 26-37% of the current natural gas consumed. Use of digestate as soil amendment can replace 5-7% of inorganic fertiliser currently in use. It can fertilise 82 million hectares of land, equivalent to the combined arable land in Brazil and Indonesia.
WEO Report: Outlook for biogas and biomethane
A detailed, bottom-up study of the worldwide availability of sustainable feedstocks for biogas and biomethane, conducted for the WEO special report, shows that the technical potential to produce biogas and biomethane is huge and largely untapped. These feedstocks include crop residues, animal manure, municipal solid waste, wastewater and – for direct production of biomethane via gasification – forestry residues. This assessment considers only those feedstocks that do not compete with food for agricultural land. Biogas and biomethane production in 2018 was around 35 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe), only a fraction of the estimated overall potential of 730 Mtoe. The report estimates that around 30 Mtoe (~40 billion cubic metres [bcm]) of biomethane – mostly landfill gas – could be produced today. Full utilisation of the sustainable potential could cover some 20% of today’s worldwide gas demand. The availability of sustainable feedstocks is set to grow by 40% over the period to 2040. The largest opportunities lie across the Asia Pacific region. The IEA WEO Sustainable Development Scenario (SDS) predicts that the combined market share of biogas and biomethane in total modern bioenergy demand grows from
5% today to 20% in SDS
EBA Statistical report 2019
The report draws on the latest available biogas and biomethane data to provide an accurate picture of the European anaerobic digestion landscape for the year 2018. By the end of the year in total 18,202 biogas installations were in operation producing 63,511 GWh of biogas. The Europe-wide installed electric capacity was 11,082 MW. The European biomethane sector continued its dynamic ascent, reaching a total of 610 plants and producing 2.28 bcm of biomethane.
Household biodigesters installed in Asia, Africa, and Latin America in 2018
In 2018, over 38,000 household biodigesters were installed in 17 countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America according to a status brief of the Dutch development organization’s (SNV). Almost all these digesters are fed by animal manure. Asia delivered most digesters (over 27,000 units), particularly in Nepal, Vietnam, Bangladesh, and Indonesia. Africa surpassed 10,000 digesters, with most units installed in Ethiopia, Kenya, Zambia, and Burkina Faso. Up to 2018, over 868,000 households in 24 countries invested in a biodigester. Of this number, about 315,000 units (36 per cent) have been established without SNV support, most of them in Nepal (over 154,000 units) and Vietnam (over 107,000 units). The most popular size in most countries is four or six cubic meters, comprising the total volume of the digester and gas storage. Most digesters are still constructed in situ, using traditional materials, like sand, gravel, and cement, though companies are beginning to bring pre-manufactured digesters to the market in countries like Kenya, Vietnam, and Nicaragua. Investment costs of the most popular sized biodigester in Asia and Africa range from US$500 to US$800.
Global Bioenergy Statistics 2019
The report of the World Bioenergy Association (WBA)is the 5th in a series of reports focusing on bioenergy developments from around the world. Fossils dominate the energy mix and the dependence continued in recent years. The 1.5% increase in total primary energy supply during 2016 – 17 has been matched by coal, oil and natural gas while renewables are lagging behind (0.7%). This trend appears to continue to 2018 and 2019 as well. In 2017, the gross final energy consumption was 370 EJ – an increase of 2% over the past year. The share of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption globally was 17.7% in 2017. Among renewable energy sources, bioenergy is the largest. In 2017, bioenergy accounted for 70% of the renewable energy consumption. The share has been decreasing by approx. 0.5% - 1% annually partly due to decreasing use of traditional biomass sources. Almost half of all energy consumption is in the form of heat – space heating for residential and commercial establishments and heating demand for industrial processes. One of the most widely used renewable energy source for derived heating is biomass which has a 96% share in the renewable heat market globally. In the transport sector, biomass-based fuels (bioethanol, biodiesel etc.) are one of the best options for replacing fossil oil. The share of biofuels in the transport sector in 2017 was about 3% with a total contribution of 3.5 EJ. In 2017, 55.6 EJ of biomass was utilized for energy purposes – 86% of the use was in the form of primary solid biofuels including wood chips, wood pellets, fuelwood for cooking and heating etc. 7% of the biomass was used as liquid biofuels. Biogas, municipal waste, industrial waste had almost equal share at 2 – 3%.
The IEA has released the 2019 editions of the world’s most comprehensive series of energy databases and data services including information on oil, coal, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 2019, electricity, natural gas and renewables. This annual release adds verified data for 2017 along with provisional data for 2018 for many countries, fuels and sectors.
In 2017, world Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES) was 13 972 Mtoe, of which 13.5%, or 1 894 Mtoe
was produced from renewable energy sources. Solid biofuels/charcoal is by far the largest renewable energy source, representing 60.7% of global renewables supply. The second largest source is hydro power, which provides 2.5% of world TPES and 18.5% of Since 1990, renewable energy sources have grown at an average annual rate of 2.0%, which is slightly higher than the growth rate of world TPES, 1.7%. Growth has been especially high for solar photovoltaic and wind power, which grew at average annual rates of 37.0% and 23.4%, respectively, from very low bases in 1990. Biogases had the third highest growth rate at 11.9%, followed by solar thermal (11.2%) and liquid biofuels (9.7%). About half of the renewable primary energy supply in OECD countries is used in the transformation sector to generate electricity and heat. However, on a global level, the majority of renewables are consumed in the residential, commercial and public services sectors.
IEA: Updated World Energy Balances
IEA has released the 2019 edition of the IEA World Energy Balances databases, with complete energy balances and indicators for over 160 countries and regions up to 2017 and selected data for 2018. The latest data show that world energy production was 14 035 Mtoe in 2017 – a 2.2% increase compared to 2016. This increase was driven by coal and natural gas, both increasing by more than 120 Mtoe in 2017, and renewables other than hydro and biofuels, which grew by slightly more than 30 Mtoe.
IEA World Energy Outlook 2019
The World Energy Outlook series is a leading source of strategic insight on the future of energy and energy-related emissions, providing detailed scenarios that map out the consequences of different energy policy and investment choices. The 2019 edition updates the outlooks for all fuels, technologies and regions, based on the latest market data, policy initiatives and cost trends. In addition, the 2019 report tackles some key questions in depth:
* What do the shale revolution, the rise of liquefied natural gas, the falling costs of renewables and the spread of digital technologies mean for tomorrow's energy supply?
* How can the world get on a pathway to meet global climate targets and other sustainable energy goals?
* What are the energy choices that will shape Africa's future, and how might the rise of the African consumer affect global trends?
* How large a role could offshore wind play in the transformation of the energy sector?
* Could the world's gas grids one day deliver low-carbon energy?
The path the world is on right now is shown by the Current Policies Scenario, where as the Stated Policies Scenario incorporates today’s policy intentions and targets in addition to existing measures. The Sustainable Development Scenario finally indicates what needs to be done differently to fully achieve climate and other energy goals that policy makers around the world have set themselves. This path is fully aligned with the Paris Agreement. The executive summary can be downloaded for free.
IEA Renewable Report 2019
The Renewable Report forecasts that the world’s total renewable-based power capacity will grow by 50% between 2019 and 2024. This increase of 1,200 gigawatts – equivalent to the current total power capacity of the United States – is driven by cost reductions and concerted government policy efforts. Solar PV accounts for 60% of the rise. The share of renewables in global power generation is set to rise from 26% today to 30% in 2024. The expected growth comes after renewable capacity additions stalled last year for the first time in almost two decades. The renewed expansion remains well below what is needed to meet global sustainable energy targets, however. Distributed PV accounts for almost half of the growth in the overall solar PV market through 2024. Contrary to conventional wisdom, commercial and industrial applications rather than residential uses dominate distributed PV growth, accounting for three-quarters of new installations over the next five years. As in previous years, Renewables 2019 also offers forecasts for all sources of renewable energy. Renewable heat is set to expand by one-fifth between 2019 and 2024, driven by China, the European Union, India and the United States. Biofuels currently represent some 90% of renewable energy in transport and their use is set to increase by 25% over the next five years. Despite the rapid expansion of electric vehicles, renewable electricity only accounts for one-tenth of renewable energy consumption in transport in 2024. And the share of renewables in total transport fuel demand still remains below 5%. An overview can be downloaded for free
IEA Bioenergy Task 37 reports 2019
In 2019 Task 37 has published seven country reports with interesting new data from Australia, Sweden, Canada, Netherlands, Switzerland Denmark and Austria on the plant number, the gas and electricity production, grid injection and biomethane use for transport and heating. They can all be downloaded here.
Get the essentials of biogas with 'Biogas Basics'
Despite its advantages and significant production potential, biogas is still widely unknown to the general public. EBA has therefore decided to draft a ‘Biogas Basics’ booklet to help interested readers to explore the fundamentals of all aspects related to biogas, be it technical, political, environmental, or even economical, in an easy and enjoyable way.
German Biogas Association published updated Biowaste to Biogas report
After the big success of the first edition of the biowaste to biogas report in 2016, GBA in collaboration with ISWA and the Indian biogas association revised the brochure with new reference plants around the world and company portraits of internationally active biogas companies. The brochure provides a market overview of advantages and possibilities digesting municipal, industrial and commercial biowaste as well as animal and vegetable by-products. Due to the international importance of the topic, a complete chapter dedicated to the separate collection of municipal biowaste was included. The brochure also provides further information on the preparation of feedstock for anaerobic digestion.
New brochure on the use as digestate as fertiliser
The German Biogas Association has recently produced a brochure on the use of digestate of fertiliser. This brochure was specially designed for the biogas industry taking into consideration increased agricultural requirements and current developments in the field of fertilization. The reader is shown economic options that can be integrated into an individual operating concept. Numerous members of the German Biogas Association present their concepts, products, and solutions that are already being applied in practice in order to ensure sustainable biogas production in the long term. The brochure is a real best seller.
Biomethane cultivates its positive externalities
The French biomethane sector is convinced about the positive externalities of biomethane. It therefore promotes the many direct and indirect benefits as well as the economic, agronomic and ecological advantages over the fossil fuels. And the list is long: fight against water pollution, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, organic fertilizer inputs, soil cover, changes in agricultural practices, etc. Enea Consulting reviewed in a scientific work the externalities associated with biomethane production and concluded that the additional benefits of biomethane - in addition to the energy produced - would amount to 55 to 75 Euros per MWh by 2030. Next to Enea, INRA is studying the LCA of agricultural biomethane on behalf of GRDF. First results are already convincing.
More (in French only)
Regulations and subsidies of biomethane in France
During a meeting of the biomethane working group of Club Biogaz ATEE, Marie Verney, lawyer at the association, gave an overview on the rather complicated legislation of biomethane injection and compensation in France during a workshop organized by AMORCE comparing the situation in 2018 with 2019. The presentation is in French only.
Biogas18 - Greening the gas
The Austrian Biogas18 congress, which took place this year in Linz, was all about biomethane. Biomethane plays a special role in the future Austrian energy system due to its cross-sectoral applications. This has also been recognized by the government and given high priority in “#mission2030 Biogas”. The consensus is that there is still considerable potential for expansion, but that there are also many possible applications. Energy storage in the form of biogenic waste from industry and residues from agriculture on the raw materials side and biomethane in the gas network on the logistics side were also highlighted as a special capability. The contributions can be downloaded for free (in German only)
Gas upgrading with ionic solutions consumes less energy
There are at least four basic methods to upgrade biogas to biomethane. They all use energy either in form of heat and or electricity. Gas scrubbing is currently the most widely used process for processing raw biogas. A research team from the Engler-Bunte-Institut in Karlsruhe, Ionic Liquids Technologies GmbH from Heilbronn and Powerfarm Bioenergie GmbH from Tuningen has now successfully demonstrated the use of ionic liquids as washing media in a biogas plant. In the newly developed a new washing process, where the absorption of CO2 takes place at almost the same temperature (60-80°C) as the subsequent recovery (regeneration) of the washing liquid. The regeneration process no longer requires external heat. This saves energy and lowers costs compared to conventional gas treatment concepts.
Biomethane from P2G in demonstration scale
27 project partners from six European countries are further developing the P2G technology in the Horizon 2020 project STORE&GO. Three different technologies are tested in Germany (Falkenhagen, Brandenburg) with an alkaline electrolyser and an isothermal catalytic P2G technology (1 MWel), in Italy (Troia, Apulia) with a PEM electrolyser and a modular milli-structured catalytic P2G technology (200kWel) and Switzerland (Solothurn) with a PEM electrolyser and a microbial methanisation (700kWel peak power). The latter is a fully integrated plant with connection to a water, heat, gas and electricity grid. Hydrogen is produced from solar energy and directly fed into the gas grid or used in P2G with CO2 from industry or ambient air.
The RNG Coalition promotes state and provincial policies for RNG in California
California is one of the USA States with the most ambitious decarbonisation goals by reducing CO2 emissions completely by 2045. For this reason, there are numerous federal, state and provincial policies that incentivise the production of renewable natural gas (RNG), many of which have come about as a result of the work of associations such as the RNG Coalition which promotes the development, use and diffusion of RNG throughout North America.
Efficient fine tuning of Power2Gas with trickling filters
The Pirmasens research institute (PFI) having a long experience in biological methanation and Power2Gas technology (P2G), implemented a demonstration plant in the Pirmasens Energy Park. Using the trickle current reactors developed by PFI, the CO2 content of the biogas from PFI's own biogas plant together with hydrogen is converted into feedable natural gas with up to 99 percent methane content and fed into the natural gas network since the end of 2016. The initial focus here was on further increasing productivity in biological methanation through a newly developed growth medium for the production strains. Recently, the PFI researchers were able to show that the redox potential of the medium has a significant effect on the conversion rates of the bacteria. These findings were incorporated into the development of new media variants to increase cell density and productivity. (in German only)
Gas vehicles – a technology overview
Natural gas/biogas vehicles are generally considered as an alternative to "internal combustion engine drives" although their potential for reducing CO2 emissions and integrating renewable energy is still underestimated. Apart from the use of biomethane from biogas there is a large potential of synthetic biomethane, which can be generated from temporarily surplus renewable power. The critical review of EMPA in the context of Swiss legislation is of general interest. The study shows that 1) Already today liquid biogas is a suitable alternative to petrol and diesel vehicles for everyday use even with low ranges of 350 to 500 km per day. As compared to petrol or diesel they have a far lower environmental impact. 2) When operating with renewable gases, the vehicles have the lowest CO2 emissions of all renewable vehicle concepts even when compared to e-mobility. 3) Gas vehicles still have a higher purchase price of around 15% when compared to gasoline vehicles, but doubling of the current number of gas vehicles would allow economic operation when the whole value chain is considered. 4) Gas vehicles are as safe as petrol vehicles.
More (in German only)
SEAT participates in a new European biomethane project
SEAT will participate until 2023 in the Life Landfill Biofuel project, recently approved by the European Commission, which aims to obtain renewable gas from municipal landfills. The objective is to achieve more efficient management by obtaining biomethane from an indigenous and abundant energy source. The project will be developed together with other collaborating entities (FCC, IVECO, the University of Granada, the CARTIF Foundation, SYSADVANCE and Gasnam) over the next four years and has a global budget of 4.6 million euros, of which the European Commission finances 55%. SEAT is already participating in the Life Methamorphosis project to obtain biomethane from previously selected waste and slurry from a farm in Lleida. The new Life Landfill Biofuel project is another step since the raw material comes directly from the landfill, without prior separation.
First LNG freight locomotive in the Baltics
Operail, an international logistics and transportation company, has entered into a cooperation agreement with the Latvian company DiGas to develop the first cargo-carrying liquefied natural gas (LNG) freight locomotive in the region. Adding the LNG system to freight locomotives is a landmark event in Baltic railway transportation and the railway sector in general. On average, an LNG locomotive uses 30% less fuel and emits 20% less carbon dioxide and 70% less sulphur dioxide. The reconstruction process of the American General Electric C36 locomotive involves dividing the 17,000-litre fuel tank in two – half for diesel fuel and half for LNG – and the addition of new systems. The information systems of an LNG locomotive store all information regarding fuel consumption and data analysis will allow further savings. The first LNG locomotive should be completed next spring and tested in summer 2020.
Record efficiency for a person car gas engine
In addition to electric and hydrogen powertrains, gas engines also play an important role in the Swiss Competence Centre for Energy Research in the Field of Mobility ("SCCER Mobility") headed by ETH Zurich. This is because vehicles powered by pre-processed biogas or synthetic methane ("e-gas"). As part of the Horizon 2020 “GasOn” project Volkswagen has developed a brand new 2 litre gas engine with a highly efficient combustion process. The behavior of the ignition was optimized in a pre-chamber and an overflow of the hot rays into the main combustion chamber. Compared to the state of the art, the consumption of the new gas engine with pre-chamber combustion process was reduced by 20% (converted into WLTP standard consumption for a mid-size passenger car). The peak efficiency in the best engine configuration was over 45%, with efficiencies of over 40% achieved over a wide operating range. Such values are currently only achieved by significantly larger engines, such as those used in commercial vehicles, stationary or marine applications. In comparison, petrol engines typically have efficiencies of 35 to 40%. The GasOn project has developed a series of other outstanding improvement which are all compiled on the project’s website.
Hurtigruten cooperates with Biokraft and in future runs on biogas from fish waste
The Norwegian shipping company Hurtigruten signs a multi-year contract with the Norwegian company Biokraft for the supply of climate-neutral liquid biogas (LBG). From 2020, the traditional post ships will set sail with the environmentally friendly fuel from dead fish and other organic waste. With a term of seven and a half years, the contract between Hurtigruten and Biokraft is the most comprehensive agreement to date on the supply of liquid biogas (LBG) to a shipping company. The partnership includes the almost daily delivery of biogas from organic waste to Hurtigruten. The Hurtigruten ships are thus the first in the world to operate with fossil-free LBG. With the partnership between Hurtigruten and Biokraft, the world's largest provider of expedition sea voyages and the world's largest producer of biogas combine forces and expertise. The first biogas delivery from Biokraft to Hurtigruten is expected in 2020.
More (in German only)
Best greenhouse gas balance through biomethane cars
A study by the German and Swiss automobile clubs ADAC and TCS respectively, has examined the most common types of fuel currently available with regard to greenhouse gas emissions on the basis of a VW Golf. The study concludes that electric cars perform best when 100% green electricity is used. If, however, the current (German) electricity mix is used, natural gas passenger cars show the best greenhouse gas balance. The balance of natural gas passenger cars is significantly improved by the use of 15% biomethane. Also, the Plug-in hybrid as combination of a gasoline and an electric motor achieves no substantial improvement with application of the current mix Germany even when compared to the conventional gasoline engine. Its problem is the additional battery, which has a negative effect on the climate balance. Only with 100% regenerative energy electric car show the best greenhouse gas balance, closely followed by the fuel cell vehicle. The balance of the plug-in hybrid vehicle also improves when regenerative electricity is used. The natural gas car can also benefit massively from 100% regeneratively produced biomethane.
More (in German only)